Pheasantries / Aviary

Dhodial pheasantry:
It was set up, over an area of four acres, in 1984, by the Department of Wildlife, NWFP. The object was to provide the people an opportunity to observe the different kinds of pheasants found in the country. Later, the area was increased to eight acres. The breeding of pheasants was also started for the purposes of re-introduction and re-stocking in different forests, and supply to other pheasantries in the province. Other birds were also included in the facility. The pheasantry houses 31 species of pheasants including 6 indigenous pheasants species i.e. kaleej pheasant, koklas pheasant, cheer pheasant, monal pheasant, western tragopan pheasant and blue peacock. The pheasantry plays an important role in promoting conservation education and awareness among visitors belonging to different walks of life. Because of its vicinity to Hazara University, it also provides an opportunity to students for study and research. Moreover guided trips and study visits are also conducted to the pheasantry. There is also an information center which is housed with stuffed specimens of pheasants and other important wildlife species. Awareness materials including brochures, charts, leaflets, stickers, booklets and fliers are available as take-away material for the visitors.

A veterinary doctor looks after the health of pheasants to ensure a viable environment in the pheasantry for growth of the pheasants. The pheasantry is a source to promote pheasants rearing by providing eggs, checks and adult birds such as ring necked pheasants, silver pheasants, reeve’s pheasants and golden pheasants on prescribed rates.
Bannu pheasantry:
Bannu pheasantry is located at a distance of 7 km from Bannu city on Bannu Kohat road. It is spread over an area of about 12 kanals with an objective to promote breeding of endangered pheasants and promote conservation awareness among people. There are 18 various species of pheasants in the pheasantry. Bannu pheasantry is the only recreation spot in district Bannu. Families and students frequently visit the pheasantry.
Kotal Pheasantry:
Kotal Pheasantry is established in kotal wildlife park in district Kohat over an area of 1 kanal, with an objective to propagate and provide breeding environment to exotic/indigenous wildlife species like silver pheasant, golden pheasant, reeves pheasant, pea-cock etc. About 20-30 visitors including students and general public visit the pheasantry for education and recreation purposes per day. There are four species of pheasants in the pheasantry including ring necked pheasant, silver pheasant, peacock pheasant and white pheasant.
Fizaghat pheasantry:
Fizaghat pheasantry was established in 1997 over an area of 2 kanal. It is situated at a distance of about 5 km from Mingora city. The pheasantry plays an important role in promoting education, awareness, recreation, and captive breeding of important wildlife birds. The pheasantry houses 11 species including pheasants and partridge. Because of its location and easy accessibility, the pheasantry is visited by large number of visitors including students and general public for recreation and awareness.
Peshawar Pheasantry:
The pheasantry was established under “Wildlife Extension Program in NWFP” at the wildlife head office, Peshawar, with an objective to promote conservation education and awareness among general public and students. Because of its part of Conservation Education Center, it is largely visited by school students and people belonging to different walks of life. It houses more than 20 species of pheasants and other birds.

Wildlife Parks

Ayubia National Park, Galliat District Abbottabad.
Ayubia National Park is situated in district Abbottabad of the NWFP. It covers an area of about 1,684 hectares. This area was notified as National Park in 1984. The park is being managed by NWFP Wildlife department. The area is a representative of moist temperate forests and associated wildlife. Major flora of the park includes Kail, Spruce, Fir, Deodar, Oaks, Ulmas species and other ground vegetation. The major fauna of this area includes Koklas Pheasent, Kalij Pheasent, Martin, Common Leopard, Rhesus monkey and Flying Squirrels. There is also a wildlife information center which is housed with stuffed specimens and awareness materials. Major threats to the park includes fuel wood collection by local communities, overgrazing, unorganized tours, pollution by visitors and trapping of Pheasents.
Saiful Malook & Lulusar-Dodipat National Park, Naran, District Mansehra.
Saiful Malook, Lulusar, Dodipat National Parks are located in the eastern section of NWFP. These National Parks were created in 2003 with an area of 88000 hectare. The National Parks are representative of alpine ecosystem having excellent landscaping due to having Lakes. These lakes have significant ecological importance by serving as wetland and staging ground of migratory waterfowl. The National parks are visited by large number of visitors specially from May to September. This adds to the socio-economic uplift of the local people.

Due to heavy erosion and degradation natural lakes of Kaghan valley are under tremendous threat of sedimentation and life. Saif ul Muluk, Lulusar and Dudipatsar are internationally recognized Natural reservoirs of the area that are source of attraction for all visitors from inside country and abroad.

Fauna of the Parks: key biodiversity of the alpine/temperate ecosystems of the Parks include Snow leopard, Black bear, Marmot, Weasel, Lynx, Leopard, Himalayan Snow cock, Snow partridge etc.

Flora of the Parks: The flora of the region consist of Alpine Climax Forest and associated shrubs and Herbs.

Chitral Gol National Park District Chitral.
Chitral Gol National park is situated in district Chitral, the Northern most District of NWFP, about 3 Km west of Chitral Town. The park is spread over an area of about 7,750 hectares. The elevation of the park ranges from about 1,500m to 4,979m. There are 24 peaks in this park which exceeds 3,00m elevation. It was initially declared as a wildlife sanctuary on 23 December 1971 and as a national park in 1984.

Flora: The dry temperate oak Queracus ilex forest, Cedrus deodara and Pinus gerardiana. At higher altitude, the pine is replaced by Juniperus macropoda scrub. Above the tree line at 3,350m occur Salix species,viburnum cotonifolium and Juniperus communis along with numerous herbs.

Fuana: Chitral is famous for its Markhor. Other species are Ibex, Urial, Black Bear occur in very small number. The status of snow leopard is seriously threatened. Wolves also occur in the park. Livestock grazing, Firewood collection and poaching is major threat to the park.

Tanda Wildlife Park, District Kohat.
Tanda wildlife park is located near Kohat city. The total area of the park is 2800 acres, consisting of Tanda reservoir and its catchments in Kohat. Tanda wildlife park is the largest wildlife park of NWFP. It is wonderfully rich and varied landscape supports a range of mammals and birds, both migratory and indigenous moreover the park also support a few reptile. The park is bounded by three different villages i.e Bar, Kaghazi and Tanda Banda. The park is approachable by Hangu-kaghazi metallic road i.ef shahpur-Bar road which is 18 km from Kohat.the local people do not have any right of grazing, lopping or firewood collection as the ownership lies with the provincial Government. The park area falls in the natural habitat of Urial and Chinkara, and also provide suitable habitat to Hog Deer. The Urial is associated with Scrub forest of Olea spcies and Accassia species. Urial were once abundant in the area but due to continous habitat destruction these were disappeared from the area in the near past. The natural habitat of Urial and Chinkkara lies in close proximity of Human habitation. The park plays an important role in wildlife conservation and awareness raising.

Flora of the Park: Accasia modesta, Prosopis juliflora, Monitheca buxifolia, Olea ferruginea, Salvadora persica, Zizyphus nummularia, Saccharum munja,

Fauna of the Park: jungle cat, jackal, Hare, Porcupine, Fox, Mongoos, Cobra, Black partridge, Grey Partridge, Chukar Partridge, Seesee Partridge, Common Crane, Demoiselle Crane, Geese, Grey Heron, Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, White Cheecked Bulbul, Ducks and Swans. In addition to the above, Chinkara, Hog Deer, Blue Bull and Urial have also been procured and released in the enclosure of Tanda Wildlife Park.

Kotal Wildlife Park, District Kohat.
 
Manglot Wildlife Park, Nizampur, District Nowshera.
Nizampur Wildlife Park is located in the District Nowshera at a Distance of 40 Km (metalled Road) from Attock Bridge. The Park comprises of Khwara Reserved forest (Swery beet, Maroba beet, Piran beet) having total area of 6456 acres. The tract Occurs between 710 56' and 330 47' North latitude and 710 58’ and 330 45' East longitude.

The tract is mostly mountainous and the mountain range runs in East-west direction. Elevation of the tract ranges from 700 feet to 3000 feet.

Nizampur wildlife park provides undisturbed, semi-natural habitat to chinkara, urial and goral. The park is intended to harbor and conserve the extant wildlife species including chukar partridge, grey partridge, hare, fox, monitor lizard. Vegetation of the forest predominantly include Acacia modesta, Zizyphus nummelaria, Olea cuspidate, Deodonia viscose and Monothica boxifolia. The indigenous wild animals including urial, chinkara and goral have been extinct from the area since long. The park has significant contribution towards the objectives of wildlife conservation through propagation of endangered species and reintroduction thereof. The park also provides recreational and research opportunities to the interested groups.

Kund Wildlife Park, District Nowshera.
Kund Park lies at the confluence of River Indus and River Kabul near Khairabad. The Park was established by Peshawar Development Authority over an area of 176 acres including a few lawns, 4 huts and a restaurant. Peshawar Development Authority handed this Park to Sarhad Tourism Corporation (STC) for the promotion of Tourism in the Province. Keeping in view the ideal location of the Park for display and propagation of several species of wildlife for promoting conservation awareness and providing recreation opportunities, the NWFP Wildlife Department has displayed a number of wildlife species in the Park including Common leopard, Chinkara gazelle, Spotted deer, Hog deer, Black buck, Golden pheasant, Silver pheasant, Ring-necked pheasant, Kalij pheasant, Cheer pheasant, Lady Amhrest, Blue peacock, White peacock, Black shoulder peacock, Ruddy shelduck, Barheaded geese, Cranes and Partridges. Lack of recreational opportunities and absence of Zoological Garden in Peshawar has further enhanced the importance of Kund Wildlife Park and this Park has become major attraction for nature tourists.

The Wildlife Department has also established a Bear center within the Park with the assistance of WSPA. This center is the only facility in Pakistan for the confiscated bears and is serving as deterrent to the poaching and trapping of wild bears. This center is also providing recreation, conservation awareness, research and education facilities

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