PESHAWAR: A sociological study to assess the level of health awareness among female adolescents (age 12-16) identified 43% of the interviewees to have comprehensive understanding about their needs related to health and hygiene, with 45 % moderately informed and 12% little conscious about relevance of these requirements.
Sharing details of her study with APP, the researcher Bilquis Rehman said many girls enter into adolescence with a host of socio-economic factors which expose them to variety of difficult situations as dropping out from school, early pregnancies without reaching the proper physical and emotional maturation.
"There is again no dearth of evidence that these serious issues also trap adolescent girls into the vicious circle of poverty and hinder them from getting their real share of basic rights," said the researcher.
PESHAWAR: One out of 9 women in Pakistan are at the risk of breast cancer and out of the reported cases, advanced breast cancer accounts for 43.7% of cases causing over 40,000 deaths per year in Pakistan.
Prevalence of Breast Cancer is the highest amongst all the cancers in Pakistan and approximately 90,000 cases are diagnosed with breast cancer every year however, the number of unreported cases is expected to be much more.
“Fortunately, Breast Cancer can be detected and cured at a very early stage. therefore it is important to focus on prevention rather than cure”, said Chief executive officer Pink Ribbon Campaign (PRC)Omar Aftab.
PESHAWAR: Picture warnings on cigarette packets depicting the dangers of smoking make little impact on teenage smokers, a study suggested.
The UK introduced the images, which depict things such as diseased lungs and heart surgery, in 2008.
But the Stirling University study, which involved 2,800 children, found the images have had almost no effect on deterring 11 to 16-year-old smokers, BBC reported.
However, they did have an effect on non-smokers and experimental smokers, reports APP.
The study published by the Tobacco Control journal looked at data from the Youth Tobacco Policy Survey before and after the introduction of the images. Before the introduction of the images only text warnings were used.
Of the 2,800 children who were questioned, one in 10 was a smoker, while the others were either non-smokers or children who had just experimented with smoking.
While the proportion of youngsters who thought the warnings were capable of putting them off increased after the introduction of the images among both non-smokers and experimenters, the number of smokers who were put off remained almost constant - it went up from 13% to only 14%.
Reduction in HAP will be added as the tenth target in the global action plan for prevention and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), said World Health Organisation (WHO) in a statement, IRNA news Agency Quoted.
Other adverse effects of HAP include tuberculosis, cataract, cerebrovascular disease and poor maternal outcome, including still births, WHO said adding that an estimated 3.5 million deaths in 2010 were attributed to HAP globally.
The other nine voluntary global targets stress on 25 percent relative reduction in overall mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease, at least 10 percent reduction in harmful use of alcohol, 30 percent reduction in tobacco use in persons aged over 15 years and a halt in rise of obesity. - APP
PESHAWAR: Extreme heat that causes heatstroke also affects the nerves function that can develop other problems related to nervous system of a person, says an expert. Talking to a private news channel, Dr. Ayaz Ahmad said that intensive heat waves cause other neurological problems such as mental confusion,lack of co-ordination, fits, restlessness or anxiety and loss of consciousness. He said that symptoms of heat exhaustion develop rapidly, very hot skin, heavy sweating, dizziness, extreme tiredness (fatigue), feeling sick (nausea), being sick (vomiting) and a rapid heartbeat are most common of these. Dr. Ayaz advised that a person with heat exhaustion should be moved quickly to somewhere cool and given fluids (preferably water) to drink. They should then begin to feel better within half an hour. - APP