Leadership

The Governor

The Governor of the province has the power to dissolve the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, if so advised by the Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. When a Bill is passed by the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa it becomes a law only when the Governor of the province has assented to it. The executive authority of the province is exercised in the name of Governor but in practice the Chief Minister and his cabinet exercise actual executive authority.

The Speaker

The Speaker is elected by the members of the Provincial Assembly through a secret ballot. The Speaker becomes an impartial guardian of the rights and privileges of the members of the House and takes a central position in the Assembly. Although he/she is elected as a nominee of a political party, it is assumed that he/she will conduct the business of the Assembly in a just and fair manner and as an impartial arbiter and shall manage the proceedings in line with the established norms of democracy. He/she is required to create a balance between the Treasury Benches and the Opposition Benches.

The Tradition of the Speakership

The Speaker's office is an example of the continuity of democratic traditions. The Speaker enters the assembly's chamber followed by an attendant who carries the mace, the symbol of the Speaker's office. Members rise whenever the Speaker enters the Assembly Hall, as a mark of respect for the office.

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Objectives of the Provincial Assembly

Before explaining the functions of the provincial assembly in detail, it would help to understand the broad objectives of the provincial assembly, which are given below as bulleted points.

  • Election of the Chief Minister of the Province
  • The Provincial Government is responsible and accountable to the public as well as their representatives
  • To provide legal authority to the provincial Government for keeping order and peace in the country
  • As keeper of the Provincial Consolidated Fund and to authorize expenditure from the fund and approval of the annual and supplementary budget
  • To examine and scrutinize the accounts maintained by the Provincial Government and to supervise various branches of the Government through various Committees and Sub-Committees of the House.
  • To maintain an independent Assembly Secretariat for effective ministerial assistance and to keep accounts on behalf of the House, including the expenditure on the secretariat as a constitutional obligation.

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The Provincial Assembly and Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa/

An Overview

The NWFP Provincial Assembly has 124 elected members, 99 regular seats, 22 seats reserved for women and 3 seats for Non-Muslims. The Chief Minister of NWFP is elected by the Chief Minister of the Province who forms a Cabinet of Ministers to oversee various Departments. The Chief Minister is also the Chief Executive of the Province. The Federal Government appoints a Governor as head of the Provincial Government. NWFP is divided into 24 districts. Each district has a Zilla Nazim assisted by a District Coordination Officer. In a District the functions are devolved further to the Tehsil, Town and Union Council Governments. Each District has an elected Zilla Council, elected Tehsil, Town and Union Councils who looks after various activities at their respective levels. At district level a District Police Officer looks after matters of Law and Order and he/she reports to the Zilla Nazim. Each district has a Public Safety Commission which addresses public complaints against the Police. There is a Provincial Police Officer who is in charge of the Police system at the provincial level.

Read more: The Provincial Assembly and Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa/

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